What is Mello Roos Tax in San Diego?
1. A Mello-Roos Community Facilities District (CFD) is formed.
Mello-Roos is a method of financing government entities (cities, counties, school districts and other special districts) to fund the cost of public improvements. Before government entities can form a CFD, they must either obtain permission from area landowners or hold an election of registered voters within the CFD.
2. The municipality sells bonds on behalf of the CFD.
These bonds are sold to private investors who purchase them for tax-free interest income. The money raised through the bond sales becomes the debt obligation of the CFD.
3. Bond proceeds are used to pay for public improvements within the CFD.
The types of improvements, which can be funded by a CFD, are much broader that those types of improvements, which can be funded by traditional assessment districts. For example, schools, police stations, fire stations and libraries can be constructed with CFD bond proceeds, as well as roadways, water lines, and other traditional types of public improvements. CFD's can also be formed for purposes of public facility maintenance.
4. Money is repaid to bondholders through Mello-Roos special tax.
The service for the bonds is repaid by the levy of a special tax on property within the CFD. The amount of special tax is determined by each CFD's Special Tax Formula, and may vary between property types. The special tax revenue is used to pay back the investment, repay principal and interest to bondholders. Taxation and repayment continues each year for the life of the bond issue, usually 20 to 40 years.
The above Mello Roos information is deemed reliable but not guaranteed.